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SPEECH & LANGUAGE THERAPY

Department of Speech & Language therapy forms a vital link to most of the specialty depts. Including ENT, General Surgery and the like. A speech and language therapist is a professional qualified to deal with speech and Language problems in all age groups. Mallya Hospital is having specialists in the field of this specialty. The components of speech include voice, articulation, and fluency while language includes comprehension and expression.

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    Department of Speech & Language therapy forms a vital link to most of the specialty depts. Including ENT, General Surgery and the like. A speech and language therapist is a professional qualified to deal with speech and Language problems in all age groups. Mallya Hospital is having specialists in the field of this specialty. The components of speech include voice, articulation, and fluency while language includes comprehension and expression.
    Voice includes the pitch, loudness and quality. Pitch as in high/low pitch, intensity as in loud/ soft and quality as in breathy, hoarse, rough etc Most common voice problems are men with high pitch (feminine voice) or vice versa, hoarse voice, husky voice, soft voice,  voicelessness because of vocal cord problems or post operatively as in removal of voice box due to cancer, excessively nasal voice.


    Articulation problems include difficulty in pronunciation of certain speech sounds (r/s), substitution of speech sounds (k/th, s/th, r/l etc), and inability to pronounce sounds due to cleft lip/palate or due to glossectomy.


    Fluency problems include stammering and fast rate of speech.


    Language problems include delayed speech and language in children due to various problems such as hearing loss, mental retardation, cerebral palsy, cleft palate, inadequate stimulation. Speech and language problems can also accompany paralysis of facial muscles and hemi paresis. It could be only in ex-pression or both comprehension and ex-pression.  


    Speech therapy involves evaluation of the problem in detail, prescription of various exercises suitable for the particular problem, counseling and therapy. .